This has been a David and Goliath struggle worth watching and
chronicling. It’s the story of state efforts to protect
citizens’ health by promoting cleaner motor vehicles in the face
of relentless pressure from the major automobile companies. The
automobile industry has spent millions of dollars in an effort to
kill these state standards.
Please check back frequently for the latest releases and news
stories from around the nation.
- March 15, 2017 –
U.S. EPA and U.S. DOT re-open midterm review of vehicle GHG and CAFE standards, overturning Obama EPA Final Determination that 2022–2025 standards were feasible and achievable.
March 10, 2017 – The High Cost of Rolling Back Fuel Standards. – Bloomberg View.
March 8, 2017 – Don’t Roll Back the Vehicle Fuel Standards. – New York Times.
March 7, 2017 – Senators call on EPA not to roll back mpg standards. – Detroit News.
- February 21, 2017 –
Auto Alliance asks EPA to withdraw its Final Determination.
- January 12, 2017 –
U.S. EPA Final Determination on the Appropriateness of the Model Year 2022–2025 Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards under the Midterm Evaluation.
December 12, 2013 –
Fuel Economy of New Vehicles Sets Record High..
October 24, 2013 – Governors Announce Bold Initiative to Put 3.3 Million Zero-Emission Vehicles on the Road by 2025..
March 29, 2013 – U.S. EPA proposes achievable cleaner fuels and cars standards.
January 30, 2013 – An overwhelming majority of voters supports the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) setting stricter standards on gasoline and tighter emissions standards for cars, SUVs and trucks, according to the American Lung Association’s latest survey.
December 27, 2012 –
U.S. EPA grants California waiver to implement Clean Cars law.
October 15, 2012 –
The national fuel economy and greenhouse gas standards finalized in late August have now been formally published in the Federal Register.
August 31, 2012 –U.S. EPA has scheduled a public hearing September 19 in Washington D.C. on California’s waiver request for the 2017–2025 Clean Cars Program.
August 28, 2012 – The Obama Administration finalized groundbreaking standards that will reduce global warming pollution and increase fuel economy to the equivalent of 54.5 mpg for cars and light-duty trucks by Model Year 2025. When combined with previous standards set by this Administration, this move will nearly double the fuel efficiency of those vehicles compared to new vehicles currently on our roads. In total, the Administration’s national program to improve fuel economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions will save consumers more than $1.7 trillion at the gas pump and reduce U.S. oil consumption by 12 billion barrels.
“These fuel standards represent the single most important step we’ve ever taken to reduce our dependence on foreign oil,” said President Obama.
August 7, 2012
California Clean Cars standards now law; Office of Administrative Law approves final rule.
June 25, 2012
California Air Resources Board delivers final Advanced Clean Cars rule to Office of Administrative Law.
January 27, 2012 – California Air Resources Board adopts Advanced Clean Cars Program.
January 27, 2012 –
Top Business, Consumer, Health, Environmental, Community Leaders Applaud New,
Strong Clean Cars Standards
December 7, 2011 – California Air Resources Board releases its proposed
Advanced Clean Car package of regulations in advance of the Board's meeting
to consider adoption on January 26, 2012. The proposal continues
California's leadership role in developing innovative standards for vehicles
that are designed to clean the air, fight climate change, deliver real
cost-savings to consumers, and drive job development in California.
- November 16, 2011 – Building on President Obama’s historic national program, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) formally unveiled their joint proposal to set stronger fuel economy and greenhouse gas pollution standards for Model Year 2017-2025 passenger cars and light trucks.
- July 29, 2011 – Flanked by representatives from 13 major automotive manufacturers, the United Autoworkers Union, government officials including California, and NGOs, President Obama announced an agreement on the next phase of national vehicle greenhouse gas pollution and fuel economy standards for model years 2017–2025. The stakeholders agreed to a framework for reaching a 54.5 mpg CAFE standard by 2025. U.S. EPA, U.S. DOT and California Air Resources Board will issue formal proposals this fall.
- April 29, 2011 – The U.S. Court of Appeals rejected the National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce's attempt to overturn California's authority to implement tailpipe carbon pollution standards for new cars – this was the final legal attack on California's landmark clean cars standards. A three-judge panel of the Court of Appeals ruled in favor of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) approval of a waiver allowing California to implement its clean car standards, which have been adopted in 13 more states and the District of Columbia.
- January 24, 2011 – The California Air Resources Board, U.S. EPA and U.S. Department of Transportation are moving forward in a coordinated partnership with the planned September 1, 2011 release of both the state’s and the federal government’s proposed standards for the next generation of clean, efficient cars. The state and federal agencies have been working closely on technical analyses to support the regulations governing greenhouse gas emissions and fuel economy for model-year 2017–2025 passenger cars.
Since California’s regulatory process is much shorter than the federal government’s, California’s proceeding will likely go forward in October, while the federal rule should be finalized in summer 2012. Regulators expect to harmonize the two standards after the federal proceeding is complete — providing the federal rules are as stringent as California’s. California is continuing its historic leadership in developing more stringent standards as is its right under the Clean Air Act.
Read the joint news release from U.S. EPA, DOT, and CARB
- May 21, 2010 – In another historic Rose Garden announcement, President Obama signed a Memorandum ordering fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions standards for cars for 2017 and beyond, and for medium- and heavy-duty trucks for 2014–2018. The memorandum, between U.S. EPA, NHTSA, the trucking industry and California, comes one year after the historic Rose Garden event that launched the national vehicle standards for 2012–2016 modeled after California’s Clean Cars standard.
“Today, we’re going even further,” the president said. He said the nation would “start right now” on setting “a new and higher standard” to take effect in 2017 “to make more progress in the years to come.” He added he believes it’s possible in 20 years for vehicles to use one-half the fuel and produce one-half the pollution that they do today.
California is committed to partner with U.S. EPA and NHTSA to ensure that this next round leads to the strongest possible national standards that result in a 3%–6% average annual reduction in passenger vehicle GHG emissions for 2017 and beyond.
California should continue to move forward under its Clean Air Act authority, working with the federal agencies, to adopt the next round of its own advanced clean cars standards for 2017–2025 that meet this objective. California’s own forward action is important to achieve the state’s energy and environmental goals as well as to serve as a model for national and international standards.
There is no time to spare. The Gulf oil disaster serves as a daily reminder of how desperately the nation needs to end its addiction to oil.
White House news release
Presidential memorandum regarding fuel efficiency standards
ARB Chairman Mary Nichols statement
ARB Chairman Mary Nichols Letter to EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson and DOT
Secretary Ray LaHood
California Air Resources Board Statement and Letters
Environment America release
Environmental Defense Fund statement
NRDC blog by Roland Hwang
NRDC Blog by David Doniger
Sierra Club release
Sierra Club California release
Union of Concerned Scientists release
- April 7, 2010 – Automakers drop lawsuits against states.
- April 1, 2010 – U.S. EPA and NHTSA
today unveiled historic new federal rules that set the
first-ever national GHG emissions standards for new cars and
light trucks, and improve fuel economy. These rules follow the
historic agreement in May 2009 between President Obama, the
State of California, and the automakers to develop a
coordinated national program.
U.S. EPA news release
California Air Resources Board news
groups news release
States for Coordinated Air Use Management (NESCAUM)
New York groups
Law and Policy Center release
Concerned Scientists fact sheet
Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) press
Sierra Club press release
Public Citizen press release
Environment Maryland press
Environment America press release
Maine Dept. of Environmental Protection
Environment Texas news release and report
Sierra Club California news release
Video from Los Angeles news conference:
- March 31, 2010, 9:30 a.m.
EDT – Environmental advocates brief reporters. The
Obama administration is expected to finalize its proposed
combined global warming emissions and fuel economy standards
for autos on Thursday, April 1. The advance briefing will
discuss the process behind the development of the standards
(both in California and nationally); their economic, national
security, and emissions reductions benefits; the implications
of the new standards for automakers; the importance of reducing
global warming pollution through the Clean Air Act; and efforts
at the state and national levels to defend the Clean Air Act
from attacks by polluters.
Josh Dorner, Sierra Club, 202.675.2384
Aaron Huertas, Union of Concerned Scientists, 202.236.8495
Eric Young, Natural Resources Defense Council, 202.289.2373
Tony Iallonardo, National Wildlife Federation, 202.503.8581
Emily Figdor, Environment America, 202.683.1250 ext. 307
- December 17, 2009 – California
and British Columbia sign an MOU to cooperate on implementing
vehicle GHG standards.
- December 7, 2009 – After a thorough
examination of the scientific evidence and careful consideration of
public comments, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
announced today that greenhouse gases (GHGs) threaten the public
health and welfare of the American people. EPA also finds that GHG
emissions from on-road vehicles contribute to that threat.
“These long-overdue findings cement 2009’s place in history as
the year when the United States Government began addressing the
challenge of greenhouse-gas pollution and seizing the opportunity
of clean-energy reform,” said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson.
“Business leaders, security experts, government officials,
concerned citizens and the United States Supreme Court have called
for enduring, pragmatic solutions to reduce the greenhouse gas
pollution that is causing climate change. This continues our work
towards clean energy reform that will cut GHGs and reduce the
dependence on foreign oil that threatens our national security and
on EPA Action
- September 15, 2009
– U.S. EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson and Transportation
Secretary Ray LaHood proposed an historic national program to
dramatically reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve fuel
economy in passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty
passenger vehicles, in model years 2012 through 2016. The standards
will be equivalent to California's Clean Cars Law once fully
implemented in 2016. They require these vehicles to meet an
estimated combined average emissions level of 250 grams of carbon
dioxide per mile, equivalent to 35.5 miles per gallon (MPG) if the
automobile industry were to meet this carbon dioxide level solely
through fuel economy improvements. They are the outcome of an
agreement announced in May by President Obama ending years of
battle between the automakers, California, and 13 states that had
adopted California's vehicle tailpipe standards. The announcement
opens a 60-day comment period, with the regulation expected to be
final in March 2010.
on EPA Action
EPA news release
Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger statement
Sierra Club release
Union of Concerned Scientists release
- September 10, 2009 – Another lawsuit: old foes,
the National Auto Dealers Association and new foes, the U.S.
Chamber of Commerce, file suit attempting to overturn the Clean
- June 30, 2009 – Three
years, six months, and nine days after California first requested a
waiver of the Clean Air Act to implement its Clean Cars Law, the
U.S. EPA has finally obliged.
"This decision puts the law and science first. After review of
the scientific findings, and another comprehensive round of public
engagement, I have decided this is the appropriate course under the
law," said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson in a news
release. "This waiver is consistent with the Clean Air Act as
it's been used for the last 40 years and supports the prerogatives
of the 13 states and the District of Columbia who have opted to
follow California's lead. More importantly, this decision
reinforces the historic agreement on nationwide emissions standards
developed by a broad coalition of industry, government and
environmental stakeholders earlier this year."
California may now implement its world-leading program requiring
automakers to reduce global warming pollution from vehicles
beginning with the current model year. Under the law, by 2016,
vehicle GHG emissions will be cut by 30 percent.
Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger commended the decision:
"After being asleep at the wheel for over two decades, the
federal government has finally stepped up and granted California
its nation-leading tailpipe emissions waiver. This decision is a
huge step for our emerging green economy that will create thousands
of new jobs and bring Californians the cars they want while
reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Thanks to the environmental
commitment of President Obama and the continued leadership of state
Senator Fran Pavley, California's long battle to reduce pollution
from passenger vehicles is over, and a greener, cleaner future has
- May 19, 2009 –
President Barack Obama today announced tough new nationwide
greenhouse gas and mileage standards for new vehicles, an historic
end to the battle between automakers and California, 13 other
states, and the District of Columbia.
Under the plan, the automakers will drop their lawsuits against the
states, the federal EPA will grant California its waiver to
implement the Clean Cars Law beginning in 2010, and the U.S. EPA
and DOT will enter into a joint rulemaking on greenhouse gas
emissions and mileage standards to begin in 2012. By 2016, the
federal standards are expected to be equivalent to California's
standards, resulting in a nationwide car and light truck fleet that
is almost 40 percent cleaner and more fuel efficient. The average
mileage standard will be 35.5 mpg.
- April 22, 2009 – Testimony
of Kevin Knobloch, UCS President, on Climate 2030 Blueprint, before
the House Committee on Energy and Commerce
- April 20, 2009 – EPA Preliminary Analysis of
the Waxman-Markey Discussion Draft
- April 17, 2009 – U.S.
EPA determines that global warming pollution
"endangers" the nation’s human health and
- April 6, 2009 – Luke Tonachel, NRDC, Blog
on Transportation Components of Waxman-Markey
- March 31, 2009 – Reps. Henry Waxman
(D-Calif.) and Edward Markey (D-Mass.) release a “discussion
draft” for climate and energy legislation and pledge to move the
American Clean Energy and Security Act out of committee by Memorial
Day. Environmental advocates are closely tracking it to ensure that
it protects important rights, such as states’ rights to adopt
California vehicle emissions controls as provided under the Clean
- March 5, 2009 – Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger
issues statement at EPA
hearing on California's Clean Cars waiver request.
- March 5, 2009 – Testimony of
California State Senator Fran Pavley, author of the Clean Cars
- March 5, 2009 – NRDC Testimony and Blogs
- March 5, 2009 –.Testimony
and new release from Environmental Defense Fund.
- March 5, 2009 – Sierra Club Unveils Photo Petition, Virtual Clean
Cars Show In Conjunction with EPA Hearing. People from Across
the Country Agree: EPA Holds the Key to Clean Cars
- March 4, 2009 – On the eve of U.S. EPA's
hearing to reconsider California's Clean Cars Waiver request,
consumer and environmental advocates answered reporters' questions
in a teleconference call. Materials distributed include:
- Union of Concerned Scientists updated "Vanguard"
report highlighting existing technologies automakers can use to
meet the Clean Cars standard
– more information from UCS
- Slide discussed by Adam Lee,
president, Lee Auto Malls (third generation auto dealer and
manager of twelve locations across Maine, selling both domestic
and foreign nameplates) demonstrating drop in 2008 net revenue
by vehicle market segment
- January 26, 2009 – President Obama
instructed the Environmental Protection Agency to reconsider the
Bush administration's denial of a request by California and 13
other states to implement global warming pollution standards for
cars and trucks.
- January 21, 2009 – One day after President
Barack Obama's historic inauguration, California again asks for a
waiver to implement the Clean Cars Law.
Arnold Schwarzenegger's letter to President Barack Obama
Resources Board Chairwoman Mary Nichols' letter to EPA
Administrator-designate Lisa Jackson seeking reconsideration of the
previous waiver denial
- December 11, 2008 – Detroit Bailout news and
Seeking bailout while
battling emissions curbs – Boston Globe
Now They Say They Can Do
It – New York Times
- December 9, 2008 – Detroit Bailout:
Chamber of Commerce fights provision to block automaker lawsuits
against Clean Car standards
- December 8, 2008 – Detroit Bailout:
An NRDC analysis of GM's and Ford's investment plans submitted to
Congress shows the U.S. automakers can comply with California's
Clean Cars standard nationwide.
- December 5, 2008 – Detroit Bailout:
from Union of Concerned Scientists' David Friedman before House
Committee on Financial Services
- December 2, 2008 – On a vote of 6-to-1,
Florida's Environmental Regulation Commission adopted the
Clean Cars Law, and sent the rule to the state legislature for
Audubon news release
- September 23, 2008 – In response to the
EPA's issuance of an "Advanced Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking" last July, the U.S. Senate Committee on
Environment and Public Works holds a hearing on regulation of
greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act.
Senator Barbara Boxer's opening statement
Testimony of California
Air Resources Board Chair Mary Nichols
Testimony of Sierra
Club's David Bookbinder
- July 31, 2008 – The 2008 Public Policy
Institute of California poll on the environment finds global
warming front and center among Californians' environmental
concerns. Two in three residents and likely voters, and majorities
of voters across parties favor the state making its own policies.
Eight in 10 residents (81%) and likely voters (79%) say they favor
the 2002 state law to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from new cars
beginning in 2009.
Read the PPIC Press release
the full report
- July 22, 2008 – U.S. Senate Committee on
Environment and Public Works hearing: an update on the science of global warming and its
- July 11, 2008 – U.S. EPA issues an Advanced
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that will involve seeking months more
comment on whether GHG is a pollutant that affects public health.
It is essentially delaying action until the next president takes
- May 30, 2008 – Governor Arnold
Schwarzenegger sends a letter to U.S. Senators Barbara Boxer,
Joseph Lieberman and John Warner establishing California's key
principles for any federal climate legislation. Read the press release.
- May 29, 2008 – California Air Resources
Board Chairman Mary Nichols responds to a letter sent by
Congressional Republicans to Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger supporting
a national vehicle standard.
Chairman Nichols's response
the list of recipients to Chairman Nichols's letter
Republican Congressional delegation's letter
- May 19, 2008 – House Oversight and Government Reform Committee
investigation concludes that the White House tampered with the U.S.
EPA’s decision, leading EPA to reject California’s request
for a waiver to implement its clean cars law.
- May 8, 2008 – Gov. Arnold
Schwarzenegger’s statement after meeting with automakers.
- May 6, 2008 – Arizona
adopts Clean Cars regulation.
- April 22-23, 2008 – On Earth Day, NHTSA
releases proposed new fuel economy rules. But buried in the small
print is language that would pre-empt Calif. and other states from
implementing stricter tailpipe regulations to reduce global warming
about the latest attack on states’ rights
- April 2, 2008 – One year after the U.S.
Supreme Court ruled that EPA has authority to regulate GHG from
vehicles, 18 states, three cities and 11 environmental groups
returned to federal court to press the U.S. EPA to act on the
court-mandated “endangerment finding,” a determination that
greenhouse gases endanger public health or welfare. This action
follows a month of continued foot-dragging by EPA and badgering by
more about endangerment finding
- February 29, 2008 – U.S. EPA Administrator
Stephen Johnson issues his justification for denying California's
waiver request for its Clean Cars law.
Read the EPA
- January 24, 2008 – Governor Arnold
Schwarzenegger joins 13 other governors in sending a letter to U.S.
EPA regarding the U.S. EPA waiver denial.
- January 24, 2008 – Calif. Air Resources
Board releases addendum to previous analysis of California Clean
Cars regulation vs. CAFE standards adopted by Congress in
- January 10, 2008 – U.S. Sen. Barbara Boxer,
chair of the Environment and Public Works Subcommittee, holds a
field hearing in Los Angeles on the EPA’s recent waiver denial.
- January 10, 2008 – An assessment of major studies that
have examined the implications of global warming for urban smog
concludes that the EPA’s refusal to allow California to regulate
greenhouse gases from motor vehicles has adverse consequences for
the health of California’s urban residents, especially children
Defense news release
Environmental Defense report
- January 2, 2008 – In separate petitions,
California and 15 states, plus five environmental organizations ask
a federal court to reverse the December 19, 2007 U.S. EPA decision
denying California a waiver to implement its Clean Cars law. The
petitions were filed in the 9th Circuit of Appeals.
- December 20, 2007
– Gov. Schwarzenegger announces intent to appeal EPA waiver
- December 20, 2007 – House Oversight
Committee Chairman Henry Waxman initiates investigation into U.S.
EPA its decision to deny California’s clean cars waiver.
Read the request
- December 19, 2007 – Bush administration
denies California clean cars waiver request.
EPA Administrator Stephen
Johnson’s letter to Calif. Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger
EPA news release: EPA denies California clean cars
Read Calif. Gov. Arnold
Read Calif. Attorney
General Jerry Brown’s response
Read U.S. Senator Dianne
Read National Association of
Clean Air Agencies response
Read NRDC response
Read Union of Concerned
Read the Environment
Read the NESCAUM
Read Connecticut Gov. Jodi Rell
Read New Mexico Gov.
Bill Richardson’s response
Read Maine Gov. John
Read Pennsylvania Gov. Edward
G. Rendell’s response
Read New York Gov. Eliot
- December 11, 2007 – California wins
in U.S. District Court. Judge Anthony Ishii dismisses automaker
lawsuit in U.S. District Court, opens door for California Clean
Cars Law in global warming fight. State awaits waiver from U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency before it can implement law.
Read the American Lung
Association of California news release
Read the NRDC news
Read the UCS news
Read the Sierra Club
- November 28, 2007 – New Mexico becomes the
13th state to adopt the Clean Cars Law.
- November 8, 2007
– In a precedent setting lawsuit, California Governor Arnold
Schwarzenegger and Attorney General Edmund G. Brown Jr. sued the
U.S. EPA, to force action on the state’s waiver request. The
lawsuit, filed today in Washington D.C. , charges the EPA with an
unreasonable delay in reaching a decision on California’s request
for a waiver to implement its clean cars law.
Fourteen other states – Arizona, Connecticut, Illinois, Maine,
Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon,
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington – joined
Governor’s Press release and view video
Attorney General’s Press release
Read the Complaint
Read the Statement from Former US
EPA Administrator William K. Reilly
Read the statement from
NRDC’s David Doniger
the Environment California release
the National Environmental Trust statement
the Union of Concerned Scientists release
- September 12, 2007 – A federal district
court judge in Vermont today ruled against the automakers and for
the states of Vermont and New York and environmental groups in
support of the Clean Cars Law. The decision opens the way toward
implementation of California’s vehicle global warming pollution
standards in Vermont.
Read the judge's
statements on the ruling by Sierra Club, Conservation Law
Foundation, and Union of Concerned Scientists
Read the statement by
- September 12, 2007 – Thirteen Governors sign
a letter to
automakers asking them to drop their lawsuits against state
clean cars laws and work together to address global warming.
- June 6, 2007 – Members of Congress,
governors, state attorneys general, state environmental leaders,
and environmental, public interest and consumer groups join to
oppose provisions in draft energy legislation that would cripple
states’ rights. Read
- May 21, 2007 – Washington, DC—Tailpipe
standards already in place in 12 states would reduce global warming
emissions by nearly 400 million metric tons by 2020 – a reduction
equivalent to taking 74 million of today’s cars off the road for
an entire year, according to a new U.S. Public Interest Research
Group (U.S. PIRG) report. The report comes
as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prepares to hold
public hearings May 22 in Arlington, Virginia and May 30 in
Sacramento, Calif. on whether to give states the green light to
reduce global warming pollution from cars and SUVs.
- May 10, 2007 – U.S. EPA announces a second
public hearing on California waiver request to implement the Clean
Cars Law, this one in Sacramento May 30.
- April 25, 2007 – Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger
warns U.S. EPA that the state will sue if the federal agency fails
to act within 6 months on California’s long-delayed request for a
waiver to implement its clean cars law.
news release and letter to EPA
- April 24, 2007 – U.S. EPA opens comment
period on California waiver request to implement Clean Cars Law
- April 02, 2007 – U.S. Supreme Court gives
green light to global warming motor vehicle standards. The U. S.
Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in a strongly-worded opinion that CO2 is a
pollutant and that states can regulate its emissions, bolstering
California’s Clean Cars Law.
Read the opinion
Read the Union of Concerned
Scientists press release
Read the Natural Resources Defense
Council press release
Read the Sierra Club press
Read the PIRG
- March 19, 2007 – The automakers’ trial
against the Clean Cars Law is going forward in Vermont. In a
Burlington, Vt. courtroom, attorneys for the Burlington Free Press
argue their motion to keep the trial open to the public, opposing
an automaker motion to close certain testimony due to claims of
- January 16, 2007 – A federal judge in
Fresno, Calif. today postponed trial of the auto industry’s
lawsuit against California’s landmark clean cars global warming
standards until the U.S. Supreme Court issues its decision in a
closely related case later this spring.
Read the NRDC
Read the judge's order
- November 20, 2006 – Next week, the Supreme
Court will hear oral arguments in a landmark global warming case,
Massachusetts v. EPA. This case will decide whether the Clean Air
Act authorizes the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to
regulate the pollution that causes global warming. It will also
have a direct bearing on the eleven states across the country that
have adopted global warming tailpipe emissions standards for cars
the Media Advisory
the Mass. v. EPA Primer
- September 26, 2006 – Environment, science,
conservation, health, and consumer leaders join key members of
Congress in calling on the Bush administration to allow California
to implement its new clean-car standards to limit global warming
Read the news
Read the letter from 100
- September 20, 2006 – California
sues six major automakers for global warming damages.
- September 15, 2006 – Attorneys for
the California Attorney General and the environmental intervenors
argue in U.S. District Court in Fresno, Calif. that the federal
Clean Air Act authorizes, and no other law preempts, California’s
regulations to reduce global warming pollution from vehicles.
- August 31, 2006 – Powerful
Coalition Petitions Supreme Court to Order EPA to Obey the Law
- March 16, 2006 – New NRC Report Affirms the
Role of the States in Setting Clean Air Standards
- May 29, 2008 – More than 1,700 of the
nation's most prominent scientists and economists release a joint
statement calling on policymakers to require immediate, deep
reductions in global warming emissions – just days before the
Senate begins debate on the Lieberman-Warner climate bill.
- May, 2008 – A discussion paper by Walter
McManus, University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute,
of numerous studies examining the impact of the Clean Cars program
as well as increasing fuel economy regulations on auto industry
profits and jobs.
- May 8, 2008 – California released an updated
comparison of the Clean
Cars law vs. federal CAFÉ standards, using the standards
announced by NHTSA in April 2008. It found California’s rule
achieves 41 percent greater total reductions of greenhouse gases
nationwide compared to the recently proposed federal fuel economy
standards by 2020
- April 22, 2008 – UCS Report: Setting the Standard:
How Cost-Effective Technology Can Increase Vehicle Fuel
- April 22, 2008 – U.S. Reps. Waxman, Markey, Inslee
call on Congressional colleagues to support a set of “strong,
fair, and science-based” principles to guide Congress as it
produces a comprehensive global warming bill.
- February 25, 2008 – CARB issues the final
report comparing emissions reduction benefits of Clean Cars law
- January 24, 2008 – Calif.
Air Resources Board addendum to earlier study of California Clean
Cars program (Pavley) to CAFE
- January 8, 2008 – Facts
Are Stupid Things – NRDC Climate Center Director David
- Where do the 2008 presidential candidates stand?
- January 2, 2008 – California Air Resources Board
compares California Clean Cars program (Pavley) to federal CAFÉ
- December 27, 2007 – Congressional Research Service
Report to Congress: California’s Waiver Request to Control
Greenhouse Gases Under the Clean Air Act
- December 2007 – Arriving at the Tipping Point –
- October 2007 – King review of low-carbon
- January 2007 – Vanguard: We can have it all
with lower emissions today – Union of Concerned Scientists
- November 2007 – Biofuels: An Important Part of
a Low-Carbon Diet – Union of Concerned Scientists
- August 2007 – Automakers
Corporate Carbon Burdens report – Environmental Defense
- Video with NRDC’s Roland Hwang: Clean Cars – A Global
- January 21, 2009 – Pew Environment Group ad in
USA Today urges President Obama to take action on global
- December 12, 2008 – Editorial:
Appeal of air rules is Motor City madness – Providence
- April 12, 2008 – “Vanishing Act”
U.S. EPA fails to live up to its name – National Journal
- January 9, 2008 – The
EPA’s faulty climate math - Reporter Andrew Revkin’s blog
– New York Times
December 21, 2007 – A selection of national news clippings
of the waiver denial.
TIME, CBS News, Detroit News, Reuters, Seattle Times, Hartford
Courant, Detroit Free Press, The New York Times, USA Today
- December 21, 2007 – Editorials on U.S. EPA denial
of California waiver request. – New York Times, Los Angeles
Times, Sacramento Bee, Mercury News
- December 21, 2007 – News coverage on
political and legal fallout of U.S. EPA denial of California waiver
request. – Los Angeles Times, San Francisco Chronicle, Mercury
News, Sacramento Bee
- December 12, 2007 – Sacramento Bee story summarizes
impact of U.S. District Court decision against automakers in
California Clean Cars Law case.
- September 12, 2007 – States seeking to
regulate vehicle GHG emissions win big in court. News coverage of Vermont
decision from: Detroit News, Los Angeles Times, San Francisco
Chronicle, New York Times, Washington Post
- September 1, 2007 – A Congressional Research
updated in August and leaked to the
San Jose Mercury News indicates California has a good case for
its waiver request to EPA – San Jose Mercury News
- July 3, 2007 – California officials are
furious at evidence
that DOT lobbied on behalf of auto industry against
California’s waiver request – Los Angeles Daily News
- June 18, 2007 – U.S.
Reps. John Dingell and Rick Boucher withdraw
language from energy legislation that would have overturned
California’s authority to implement its Clean Cars Law – San
Francisco Chronicle and The Sacramento Bee
- June 8, 2007 – Editorials oppose
legislative effort in Congress to overturn California’s and
other states’ right to set stricter greenhouse gas emissions
standards – Washington Post and The Sacramento Bee
- May 21, 2007 – California Gov. Arnold
Schwarzenegger and Connecticut Gov. Jodi Rell co-sign a strongly worded
op-ed pushing the Bush Administration to act on California’s
waiver request – Washington Post
- May 21, 2007 – Calif. Attorney General and
former Gov. Jerry Brown crusades for
California’s EPA waiver – Newsweek Online
- May 13, 2007 – Burlington Free Press wraps up coverage of
Vermont Clean Cars trial
- April 11 – May 9, 2007 – Selected articles
from Burlington Free
Press coverage of Vermont trial
- April 25, 2007 – Gov. Arnold
Schwarzenegger threatens to sue U.S. EPA –
Los Angeles Times, San Francisco Chronicle, The Sacramento Bee, San
- April 24, 2007 – U.S. EPA
Opens Comment Period on California waiver request to implement
Clean Cars law - Greenwire
- April 24, 2007 - Maryland
Clean Cars bill signed into law – Baltimore Sun
- April 12, 13, 14, 2007 – Vermont Trial Coverage
– Burlington Free Press
- April 11, 2007 – Trial of the tailpipe
opens – Burlington Free Press
- April 11, 2007 –- Editorial: Open court serves
public in hearings – Burlington Free Press
- April 5, 2007 – Judge Denies Automakers’
Motion to Close Courtroom – Burlington Free Press
- March 24, 2007 – Judge in emissions suit
rejects companies' push for secrecy – Associated Press
- March 16 and 10, 2007 – Coverage of pre-trial
activity in Vermont. Burlington Free Press files motion to
intervene opposing automakers’ motion to seal testimony in
Vermont Clean Cars lawsuit – Burlington Free Press and
- October 25, 2006 – The Bush administration and
business interests urge the Supreme Court to reject upcoming
hearing on Mass. v. EPA CO2 case – Greenwire
- September 9, 2006 – Arizona adopts plan to reduce
global warming; plan includes Clean Cars Law component –
- August 11, 2006 – Cities, States
Aren't Waiting For U.S. Action on Climate – Washington
- July 3, 2006 – Path now clear for cleaner mowers.
Bond has backed off his opposition, so the EPA eyes new emission
rules – Kansas City Star
- June 30, 2006 – Approval near for control of small
engines’ emissions. EPA ready to OK California’s limits, even
to point of making rules national standard – San Francisco
- June 29, 2006 – California Smog Rules May be
Used Nationwide – AP
- June 29, 2006 – Supreme
Court Agrees to Hear Global Warming Case – AP